Wildlife in Italy: Raccoon dog Nyctereutes procyonoides

Wildlife in Italy: Raccoon dog Nyctereutes procyonoides

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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Mammals
Order: Carnivores
Family: Canidae
Kind: Nyctereutes
Species: procyonoides

The raccoon dog is present in Europe (non-native) and central-northern Asia; it is probably present throughout the Alpine and North Apennine areas.
Originally from East Asia, it was introduced to Europe in 1928, near Moscow.

Raccoon dog - Nyctereutes procyonoides (photo JC Schou

Raccoon dog (photo

Distinctive characters

Head-body length: 50-85 cm
Tail length: 15-31 cm
Ears length: 4-6.5 cm
Height at the withers: 35-39 cm
- Male: 4.2-9.2 kg
- Female: 3.5-8.7 kg

His body is about like a fox, but more compressed. The hair is long and thick, superiorly gray-brown-blackish, inferiorly dark. The muzzle is pointed, with black nose, dark facial mask, which from the eyes (brown-reddish) reaches the throat; short, rounded ears, slightly protruding from the hair. The zono short legs and the short and bushy tail.
The male is normally larger than the female.


Twilight-night habits; solitary or more rarely in couples or in family groups.
Hibernation from December to February in burrows in the ground. It lives mainly in deciduous or mixed forests with undergrowth and water.
Feeding: omnivorous (micro-mammals, amphides, eggs and nestlings of birds, fish, fruits).
Sexual maturity is reached in the year following that of birth.
Mating period: February-March. Gestation: 8-9 weeks. I leave in spring, with 4-8 small inept with closed eyes and black fur, raised in underground lairs or in niches.
Verses: barks, meows, snoring, moaning, moaning, mumbling, etc.

Fauna of the Alps - Mammals
Sergio Abram - Nitida Image Publishing - 2004

87 species of wild mammals present in the Italian Alps, illustrated and described in detail in as many cards. 230 color photographs to recognize the species treated. General part on mammals. Systematic classification table of all mammals described in the data sheets ...
Buy online

Video: Raccoon and Dog Playing (May 2022).