Forest crops: Himalayan cedar

Forest crops: Himalayan cedar

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Classification, origin and diffusion

Division: Spermatophyta
Subdivision: Gymnospermae
Class: Coniferae
Family: Pinaceae

Cedrus deodara (Himalaya Cedar) is found spontaneously in the Himalayan range, from eastern Afghanistan to western Nepal .; it is also known as the tree of the gods. It was introduced to Europe in the early 19th century.

Himalayan Cedar (website photo)

Trunk of Cedrus deodara - Botanical Garden of Florence (website photo)

General characteristics

Size and bearing
It can reach 60 meters in height and has a pyramidal conical shape even in old plants, unlike the other cedars, with a pendulous tip.
Trunk and bark
Straight, columnar, with a diameter of up to three meters at the base; the bark is gray-brown, finely cracked. The branches are horizontal with pendulous ends.
The leaves are needle-like, 2.5 to 4.5 centimeters long; those of macroblasts are single and inserted in a spiral around the branch, while those of brachiblasts are gathered in tufts of 20-30 needles.
Reproductive structures
Cones are produced in autumn: the male ones are 4-7 cm long, first greenish then pinkish brown, while the female ones are smaller and mature in two years, becoming woody and up to 7-13 cm long, going from green to brown .
The fruits are red-brown erect cones.


Common in parks and highly appreciated for its beauty and majesty.
The wood is less valuable than that of the Atlas cedar.

Video: Deodar Cedar Forest in Manali, Tree Deodara (June 2022).


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