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Exam topics: Plant production - Agronomy and crops

Exam topics: Plant production - Agronomy and crops



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Exam 2019 - Additional session - Theme by: VEGETABLE PRODUCTION and PRODUCT TRANSFORMATION (Articulation: Productions and transformations)

The candidate carries out the first part of the test and answers two questions chosen from those proposed.
FIRST PART
The soil, in function of the long time necessary for its formation, can be considered as a non-renewable resource and therefore to be protected.
The candidate, in the light of the different soil management methods highlighted in the table, expresses personal considerations regarding the adoption of the proposed practices

Subsequently contextualize the aforementioned principles with reference to a typical arboreal cultivation of the chosen territory, describing the most suitable soil management to guarantee the greatest benefits both in terms of agronomy and in respect of the environment and product quality.
In relation to the product obtained, you are dealing with the most suitable transformation and / or conservation method for market requests with particular attention to alterations and defects of the product to be marketed.

SECOND PART
In answering the questions, the candidate can refer to any extracurricular training experiences in the operating environment
1. Describe the different types of wine vessels: technical characteristics and peculiarities of their use.
2. Describe the stages of cheese production.
3. With reference to the chosen crop, describe the symptoms and damage of the main phytophages.
4. Plant and production fertilization: necessary elements, methods and periods of implementation.

__________________________
Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
The use of technical manuals and handbooks is allowed.
The use of the Italian language dictionary is allowed.
The use of the bilingual dictionary (Italian-language of the country of origin) for non-Italian native speakers is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the institute before 3 hours have elapsed since the dictation of the topic.

Exam 2019 - Ordinary session - Theme by: VEGETABLE PRODUCTION and PRODUCT TRANSFORMATION (Articulation: Productions and transformations)

The candidate carries out the first part of the test and answers two questions chosen from those proposed.
FIRST PART

Red vinification represents a technique used in each region by virtue of a particularly rich and diversified ampelographic platform throughout the national territory.
The candidate, in reference to the scheme below, describes the different phases by identifying a typical grape variety in the area of ​​his competence.

Taken from: Oenology - P. Cappelli - V. Vannucchi - Zanichelli

Subsequently, deepen the chemical and microbiological aspects of the fermentations that can develop from the mashing to the finished product.
The cultivation of the vine, as shown in the table, involves all the regions adapting to a vast range of soil and climatic conditions.
Let us deepen, in correct succession, the phenological stages of the annual cycle of the vine from budding to autumn fall of the leaves.

Taken from: Vegetable Productions - S.Bocchi, R.Spigarolo, S.Ronzini and F. Caligiore - C - Arboreal Cultivations - Poseidonia Scuola

SECOND PART

In answering the questions, the candidate can refer to any extracurricular training experiences in the operating environment.

1. Describe the pasteurization of milk: purposes, procedures and related checks.

2. Describe the techniques for controlling weeds in the arboretum with particular regard to safeguarding the environment.

3. Describe the main methods of controlling phytopathogenic agents in the defense of fruit plants.

4. Having chosen a product from the agri-food industry, the candidate illustrates the possible alterations, identifying the causes and the main preventive interventions.
__________________________
Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
The use of technical manuals and handbooks is allowed.
The use of the Italian language dictionary is allowed.
The use of the bilingual dictionary (Italian-language of the country of origin) for non-Italian native speakers is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the institute before 3 hours have elapsed since the dictation of the topic.

Address: ITPT - AGRICULTURE, AGRI-FOOD AND AGRI-INDUSTRYARTICULATION OF PRODUCTIONS AND TRANSFORMATIONS

2nd Simulation April 2019 - Theme by: VEGETABLE PRODUCTION and PRODUCT TRANSFORMATION (Articulation: Productions and transformations)

The candidate carries out the first part of the test and answers two questions chosen from those proposed.
FIRST PART

Consider an agricultural company that for its typical and traditional productions is strongly linked to the territory it belongs to and its resources.
The mixed production address includes cereals, fodder, tree crops and breeding of dairy breeds characteristic of the reference area.
After describing the soil and climate context, in the hypothesis of proceeding with the planting of a new arboretum, the candidate, taking a cue from the table below, illustrate the criteria followed for the choice of the rootstock and the species.

Table from: VEGETABLE PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE (G. POMATO, M. CROSA, G. OLIVERO) ediz. LIVIANA

Subsequently illustrate the preliminary operations to the plant until the planting.

In relation to the selected dairy breed, the chemical-microbiological composition and the nutritional aspects of the milk are described in detail, specifying the relative remediation processes.

SECOND PART

In answering the questions, the candidate can refer to any extracurricular educational experiences in the operating environment.

  1. Describe the main alterations of the wines with reference to the causes and possible remedies.
  2. Identify, through appropriate indices, the most appropriate time of collection based on the use of a product identified by the candidate.
  3. With reference to a chosen agri-food transformation, proceed to the possible classifications of the products obtained.
  4. The technique of grassing the arboretum: essences used, management, positive and negative aspects.

____________________________
Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
The use of technical and handbooks is allowed.
Use of the Italian language dictionary is allowed.
The use of the bilingual dictionary (Italian-language of the country of origin) for non-Italian native speakers is allowed.

1st Simulation February 2019 - Theme by: VEGETABLE PRODUCTION and PRODUCT TRANSFORMATION (Articulation: Productions and transformations)

The candidate carries out the first part of the test and answers two questions chosen from those proposed.
FIRST PART
At national level, tree crops use different forms of farming also according to the soil and climatic characteristics and the mechanization possibilities.

The tables below show the main forms of fruit-bearing vine farming.

Taken from: S. Zocchi - R. Spigarolo - S. Ronzoni - F. Caligiore
Crop production C - Tree crops (Poseidonia)

Taken from: Valli -Corradi
Tree crops C (Edagricole)

The candidate, in reference to an area of ​​his knowledge, first identifies the most representative crop by describing its morphological and productive characteristics.
Subsequently, in particular, he developed the form of breeding that guarantees the achievement of high quantitative-quality standards of the product together with a possible increase in mechanization. With reference to the chosen cultivation, illustrate a possible transformation by describing in detail the technological processes with reference to any microbiological and enzymatic aspects involved.

SECOND PART

  1. The wastewater from the transformation described above: treatment and enhancement systems.
  2. Evaluation of the quality of products for processing.
  3. With reference to the crop identified, treat a parasitic nature due to cryptogams, highlighting their development cycle, symptoms and related defense interventions.
  4. Organic production: objectives pursued and guidelines relating to cultivation practices also in light of any extracurricular experiences.

____________________________
Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
The use of technical and handbooks is allowed.
Use of the Italian language dictionary is allowed.
The use of the bilingual dictionary (Italian-language of the country of origin) for non-Italian native speakers is allowed.

Exam 2015 - Ordinary session (Articulation: Productions and transformations)

The candidate carries out the first part of the test and answers two of the questions proposed in the second part.

Part one
As part of an agricultural company where correct production techniques are to be applied, in order to organize eco-compatible production activities and to enhance the quality aspects, the planting of an arboretum represents a moment of fundamental importance with significant repercussions on its future management.
The candidate, referring to a crop of his choice, after describing the soil and climate characteristics of the area taken as reference, traits of the problems inherent in the plant, from the variety choice to the identification of the sixths and the most suitable materials for a mechanized management of the crop interventions.

Second part
1. Farming and production pruning: physiological principles and objectives.
2. The containment of weeds in light of an environmentally friendly production also with reference to any candidate's operational experience.
3. With reference to the chosen species, motivate the choice of the rootstock identified in relation to the soil and climate characteristics of the area.
4. Methods and criteria for setting up a correct phytosanitary defense in the arboretum taken as reference.

_____________________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
The use of the Italian dictionary and non-programmable calculators is allowed.
The use of technical and / or handbooks and other electronic devices is not allowed
The use of the bilingual dictionary (Italian-language of the country of origin) for non-Italian native speakers is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

Ministry of Education of the University and Research

HIGHER SECONDARY EDUCATION STATE EXAMINATION

Address: ITPT - AGRICULTURE, AGRI-FOOD AND AGRI-INDUSTRY
ARTICULATION OF PRODUCTIONS AND TRANSFORMATIONS

Theme by: VEGETABLE PRODUCTIONS

TEST EXAMPLE

The candidate carries out the first part of the test and answers two of the questions proposed in the second part.

FIRST PART

The candidate, after describing the soil and climatic characteristics of an area of ​​his knowledge, identified an arboreal or shrub crop of significant economic importance, describes the most suitable form of breeding and the cultivation technique, with particular reference to the management of the foliage also in view of an environmentally friendly production.

SECOND PART

  1. With reference to the chosen species, indicate the main fungal diseases and their control.

  1. Illustrate the general principles of fertilization with organic matter.

  1. Importance of the choice of rootstocks, making suitable examples, according to the quality of the product, also in relation to possible operational experiences.

  1. Illustrate the criteria for assessing the quality of the products.

_______________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours

Only the use of the Italian dictionary and non-programmable calculators is allowed.

The use of technical and / or handbooks and other electronic devices is not allowed.

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY AND RESEARCH
DECREE 29 January 2015, n. 10

Article. 9

Technical Institutes - Technology Sector

1. The second written test of the final state exams of the second degree secondary school study courses refers to operating situations in the technological-business context and requires the candidate to carry out technological-technical analysis, choice, decision on production processes, conception, design and sizing of products. , identification of solutions and organizational problems of management.
2. The test consists of one of the following types:
a) analysis of technological-technical problems starting from laboratory tests on semi-finished materials, finished products;
b) analysis of the characteristics of machines and equipment starting from verification and acceptance tests;
c) conception and design of components and products of the different supply chains;
d) analysis of technological production processes, management and quality control of production processes;
e) development of tools for the implementation of solutions to organizational and managerial problems of production processes;
f) management of productive activities and of the territory with respect for and protection of the environment.
3. The structure of the test includes a first part that all applicants are required to carry out, followed by a second part consisting of questions among which the candidate will choose based on the minimum number indicated at the bottom of the text.

State exam 2013 Agricultural Technical Institute - Ordinary session - General addressAGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS (text valid for sorting courses and experimental courses)

The priority objective of today's agriculture aims to privilege the quality and eco-compatibility of production.
The candidate, referring to an area of ​​his knowledge and to an arboreal crop of ilevant diffusion, illustrates and justifies the cultivation interventions necessary for its correct management.
In addition, analyze which strategies to adopt to achieve the objective mentioned in the introduction.
_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Only the use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
The use of the bilingual dictionary (Italian-language of the country of origin) for non-Italian native speakers is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

State Exam Agricultural Technical Institute 2011 - Ordinary session - General addressAGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS (text valid for sorting courses and experimental courses)

A modern fruit arboriculture aimed at quality production, environmentally friendly and at competitive costs, presupposes a thorough knowledge of the cultivation technique based on a solid basis of plant physiology.
The candidate critically discusses the effects of the cultivation interventions on the physiology of reproduction and therefore on the final product to be marketed for fresh use, of an arboreal species, of his choice, in specialized crops and in the growing production phase.
_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Only the use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

State exam 2010 Agricultural Technical Institute - Ordinary session - General addressAGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS (text valid for sorting courses and experimental courses)

An adequate viticultural ecosystem is required for the production of red berried grapes, to be destined for the wine industry for quality and long-life wines. Described the elements that make up the vineyard ecosystem (vine / rootstock, climate, soil) of a known area, the candidate illustrates and justifies the technical-cultural interventions necessary to orient the physiology of the plant towards glucogenesis to a more relevant extent than the proteogenesis in view of the production of grapes for great red bottle wines.
_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Only the use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

State Exam Agricultural Technical Institute 2008 - Ordinary session - General addressSorting course - AGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS

The planting of an orchard is the result of a series of choices decided by having clear production objectives, among which quality now plays a fundamental role.
Describe the characteristics of a known or hypothesized area analytically and, for a species and one or more chosen cultivars, indicate the reasons for this choice, the rootstock to be used, the distances of the sixths, the form of training to be adopted to obtain the results expected .
_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

State exam 2006 Agricultural Technical Institute - Ordinary session - General addressSorting course - AGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS

Fertilization of fruit plants is a necessary practice which, in addition to affecting the quantity and quality of products, affects production costs and, at times, on significant aspects of environmental conditions.
The candidate illustrates the corporate and environmental characteristics of an orchard of species and cultivars of his choice, indicates the types and qualities of mineral fertilizers as well as distribution periods and examines the possible influences of the chemical principles used on the environment.
_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

State Exam Agricultural Technical Institute 2004 - Ordinary session - General addressSorting course - AGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS

In viticulture and fruit growing, rootstocks are used to solve different issues.
After illustrating this aspect, the candidate, referring to the vine, a stone fruit and a pomace, exemplify concrete cases specifying the reasons for the choice and the results that it proposes to obtain.
_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

State Exam Agricultural Technical Institute 2002 - Ordinary session - General addressSorting course -AGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS

The candidate, having chosen an arboreal crop at will, illustrate the most widespread cultivars today by analyzing, for a given area to be accurately described, the criteria for choosing some of them.
Then expose the type of plant to be built for the cultivation of the chosen cultivar.

_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
The consultation of textbooks is not allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

State examination Agricultural Technical Institute 2000 - Ordinary session - General addressSorting course -AGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS

(text valid for the sorting courses and for those of the CERERE Project - General Agrarian)

Fertilizations represent a useful but also expensive practice and sometimes capable of producing negative effects on the environment.
The candidate, having identified a crop made in an area whose soil and climatic characteristics will be analytically described, illustrates the criteria for choosing the fertilizers to be used and the relative quantities, examines the effects on the cultivar as well as the fertilizer - soil - groundwater ratio and analyzes the methods to be follow to avoid side effects.
_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
Use of the Italian dictionary is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

Agricultural Technical Examination Exam 1998 - General addressAGRONOMY AND CULTIVATIONS

After having analytically illustrated the characteristics of a fruit area known to him, the candidate identifies a shrubby or arboreal species and the cultivated crops and specifies analytically the modalities for the execution of the annual cultivation interventions, apt to safeguard, within adequately defined limits, the main aspects ecological and environmental.

_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 7 hours.
The use of manuals is allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.

Professional Baccalaureate Examination 1998 - Agrotechnical addressAGRONOMY - MECHANICS - ZOOTECNIA - RURAL GENIUS

Certain agronomic interventions may be responsible for disturbances in the environmental situations in which agricultural activity is organized.
With reference to a fruit tree culture chosen by the candidate, illustrate the possible dangers deriving from specific non-targeted interventions and analyze the factors to be taken into account to avoid the mentioned risks.

_____________________________________________________

Maximum duration of the test: 6 hours.
The use of manuals is not allowed.
It is not allowed to leave the Institute before 3 hours have passed since the dictation of the topic.


Video: Live Class for NABARD Lecture 5, Classification of Crops by Roshan Kumar sir (August 2022).