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Fruit trees: Pomegranate

Fruit trees: Pomegranate


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Generality

The Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) belongs to the Punicaceae family, Punica genus, P. granatum species (for fruit production).
It is a species native to Western Asia.
The fruit is a fleshy berry, called a balustrade, with a thick, complex skin, included in the thallus, with various polyspermal cavities separated by membranes. The interior contains many fleshy seeds, prismatic in shape, with a pulpy head and woody integument, very juicy.
The ripe fruit is yellow-green, with reddish areas that occasionally occupy the entire surface of the fruit.

Pomegranate fruit (website photo)

Varieties and rootstocks

Genetic variability is high for most traits, although the differences between certain cultivars can be small. Pomegranate can be classified based on the acidity of its fruits: acid, sweet-sour or sweet. Some cultivars produce hard seeds, so as to make the fruits not edible and only some varieties are classified as soft seeds and therefore are of commercial interest.
In Italy the cultivars are known: Dente di Cavallo, Neirana, Prophet Partanna, Selinunte, Ragana and Racalmuto, all sweet and sour or sweet, suitable for fresh consumption.
Today the best known variety is Wonderful, which has excellent organoleptic characteristics. The ripening period is October, in the first decade. Of American origin, she was selected in Israel. For some years it has also been spreading in Sicily, in particular in the area of ​​Marsala and Mazara del Vallo (TP).

Pomegranates (website photo)

Pomegranate Flower (website photo)

Cultivation technique

It is suitable for all multiplication systems, however the easiest is the one by cutting. It does not fear excess humidity, but it also grows on very dry soils.

Productions

Pomegranate fruits have astringent and diuretic properties; they are generally eaten fresh and are often used to prepare frozen drinks ("sherbet", "sorbet", "grenadine"); in some countries the fruits are used for the decoration of fruit salads served in special bowls. The fruits can also be used in the canning industry for the production of juices, jams, syrups and syrups.
Over 30% of the fruit's epidermis is made up of tannins from which it is possible to obtain a yellow dye used in the craftsmanship of tapestries in Arab countries. From the roots it is possible to obtain dyes used in cosmetics. The use of pomegranate as a medicinal plant is also interesting; the bark contains alkaloids, flowers and fruits tannins and mucilage. The bark is a powerful tenifugo, it is poisonous and to be used with caution; the flowers are used in infusion against dysentery. The seed integument is astringent and diuretic.
The plant is of great ornamental effect especially the specimens with branches and twisted trunks. Both P. granatum, with edible fruits, as well as P. nana, in reduced size and with inedible fruits, are used in parks and gardens as single plants or in groups, and above all to create hedges and borders.


Video: How To Grow Pomegrantes (May 2022).