Breeds of dogs: Abruzzese Maremma Sheepdog

Breeds of dogs: Abruzzese Maremma Sheepdog

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Origin, classification and history

Origin: Italy.
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).

Breed always used in the Tuscan Maremma and in Abruzzo as an unsurpassed guardian of the flocks. Present in these places since the time of the ancient Romans. It later spread throughout the hinterland with the transhumance of flocks.

General aspect

The Maremmano-Abruzzese Sheepdog is a breed of large size, with a strong construction of majestic and at the same time rustic appearance. Its conformation is that of a mesomorph.


The character of a dog working with the flock must be unquestionably strong and generous, but also reflective and energetic at the same time. If it did not have these certain characteristics it would be useless to the flock and the shepherd would not employ it in this type of work. The Maremma-Abruzzese shepherd dog possesses these character qualities. Problems can arise with people born in farms where they are used exclusively in reproduction for the beauty to which temperament qualities do not correspond.

Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd Dog (website photo)

Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd Dog (website photo)

Maremma Abruzzese Sheepdog puppies


- males from 65 cm to 73 cm
- females from 60 cm to 68 cm
- males from 35 to 45 kg
- females from 30 to 40 kg
Trunk: its length is 1/18 more than the height at the withers and is very strong in construction.
Head and muzzle: overall the head is flat and wide and conical. The skull is very wide horizontally with the lateral walls convex with the upper longitudinal axes slightly diverging from those of the muzzle. The muzzle is 1/10 less than the head.
Truffle: it is on the same line as the nasal bridge, very large and black pigmented.
Teeth: complete in development and number. They have a scissor bite.
Neck: very voluminous.
Skin: adhering to the body in all its parts.
Limbs: with correct spines both in front and on the side. Well proportioned with the structure of the trunk and with good strength and bone structure.
Shoulder: about 1/4 of the height at the withers. Its inclination must be 50-60 degrees with respect to the horizontal plane. It must be strong and with excellent musculature.
Musculature: powerful and well developed in every part of the body.
Upper line: straight towards the croup.
Tail: low hanging and goes beyond the hock in length. It must be well trimmed with fur.
Proportions: Head length is equal to 4/10 of the height; trunk length is greater than the height of 1/18; the height of the side is about half the height at the withers.
Hair: very abundant and long. A slight undulation is tolerated. It is long throughout the body except on the muzzle and ears. Hair is the aspect that characterizes this breed.
Allowed colors: only the uniform white. Tolerate some nuances.
Most common defects: converging cranio-facial axes, prognathism, tail carried on the back, non-standard measures, ambio, depigmented truffle, sheep nose, enognatismo, isabella coat, curly hair, black shades, anurism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Maremma Sheepdogs (June 2022).


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