Dog breeds: Apuan Shepherd Dog

Dog breeds: Apuan Shepherd Dog

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Origin, classification and history

F.C.I classification: RACE NOT RECOGNIZED
Shepherd dog used for the protection of flocks and property

The Apuan Shepherd Dog is a dog originating from the Apuan Alps area, which has always been used for sheep farming with a dual attitude: both for management and for custody. Raised exclusively by shepherds, it currently risks extinction due to the decrease in herding and the mestizos that have taken place over the past few years.

Female ash gray merle - Apuan Shepherd Dog (photo

General aspect

The Apuano Shepherd Dog is a medium-sized dog that expresses strength, endurance and agility due to hard work-related selection.

Behavior and character

The current Apuan shepherd dogs retain their aptitude for working with cattle; their aptitude for learning allows them to have exceptional results in the sino-sports disciplines such as agility, disc dog, utility and defense, rally-obedience, dog trekking. Many subjects are suitable for pet therapy and pet counseling.
Depending on the education and the environment in which they live, they can be little or very socialized. He is an extraordinary companion and family dog, a life and adventure companion.

Female ash gray merle - Apuan Shepherd Dog (photo


- males from 53 cm to 63 cm
- females from 51 cm to 61 cm

- males from 20 kg to 35 kg
- females from 17 kg to 28 kg

The selection has significantly uniformed the aesthetic characteristics while maintaining an efficacy in learning ability and functionality.

Trunk: elongated typical of the trotter and in any case always longer than the height at the withers of about 10%.

Head and muzzle: it is dolichocephalic with a fairly evident stop. The muzzle must be broad and strong enough and measure about 40% of the total length. of the head. The longitudinal craniofacial axes are slightly divergent from each other.

Truffle: always on the same line as the nasal barrel, voluminous with nostrils well open, black in color or with partial depigmentation in piebald subjects.

Teeth: well developed and complete in number; pincer closure with contact between the upper and lower incisors.

Eyes: almond-shaped ogive, with a bright brown color, sometimes blue or gazzuoli, one or both, especially in subjects with a gray coat.

Ears: small, erect, pointed ends slightly pointing outwards (in puppies, erection occurs at the end of the second month).

Neck: muscular but dry and not heavy with well-fitting skin, about as long as the total length of the head.

Skin: thick and adherent to the body in all its parts.

Limbs: in front both the anterior and the posterior; strong, robust and well boned, with powerful shoulders and well-loaded and snappy hindquarters. Often there is a simple or double spur on the hock (the double spur is highly appreciated).

Musculature: powerful and long, well developed throughout the body.

Upper line: straight with a slight lumbar convexity.

Tail: with low and thick insertion at the root. It is carried high as a scimitar when the dog is moving and a pump handle when the dog is stationary.

Hair: short or semi-long, snug, possibly shiny and shiny.

Typical colors: the basic colors are black, black on a "wolf" background. In manifestation of the merle gene there is uniform gray or black patches of all shades, even on a "wolf" background. In all versions they can present white pieces starting from the feet and the chest, without exceeding 20% ​​of the total surface of the body.

Most recurrent defects: enognatism, divergence of the craniofacial axes, ram or camusa nasal bridge, cryptorchidism, monorchidism.

Slight defects: teeth tending to scissors, mantles with white too extended.


Video: 6 Shepherd Dogs Breeds for Family u0026 Personal Protection (August 2022).