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Spread and habitat
There Cairina moschata it is a species native to Mexico, Central America and much of South America, where it extends from the coast of Peru to Santa Fe in Argentina. Some scholars believe that the conquistadors found the muscovy duck already domesticated and in various colors both on the northern shores of Columbia and in Peru. Still widespread, although threatened by hunting which has caused a drastic decrease in its range. From it derives the Muscovy duck or Barberia musk, a specialized breed for the production of excellent quality meat and liver that is suitable for producing Foie gras.
It has a horizontal bearing with an elongated trunk. The face is characterized by the presence of caruncles very developed in the male, barely hinted at in the female, red black in color. The coat is of black-brown color with metallic green reflections (more intense on the back; steel blue remiges). The belly, chest, thighs and legs are opaque black with purple-brown reflections; the large wing coverts are completely white, forming a triangle of this color in the animal with closed wings.
Black legs. Beak of medium length, slightly concave, pink to whitish with black terminal nail; it has at its base a roundish caruncle which continues with the facial caruncles.
The long tail is free of curls.
Almost silent. The female weighs about half of the male.
Cairina moschata L.
Cairina moschata L.
There are many species of ducks bred in captivity and, among these, many have been domesticated. Their use can be both income (meat, eggs, liver), hunting and ornamental. Those that are used more or less intensively in poultry farming come from two wild species: Cairina moschata L. which originated the Barberia duck, also called muta or musk, and Mallard or wild duck (Anas platyrhynchos L.), which gave rise to all domestic ducks, often called common and wild crossbreeds.