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Do fruit trees need pruning?
Learn the reason why you should always prune fruit trees.
Plants are always sending out signals to us when they need something. This could be a sign that they're thirsty, hungry, tired or need new soil. They also send out signals when they need to be pruned. So what exactly is a signal to prune fruit trees? And how much is enough?
Pruning is a very important aspect of gardening and fruit growing. Fruit trees are delicate and only have so much energy to offer. Every year they need to grow and produce a lot of fruit. With lots of fruit, comes lots of pruning. Whether you're growing fruit trees from seeds or buying the plant from a nursery, you need to know when you should prune.
Signals fruit trees send out
Fruit trees aren't dumb. They understand what it is they're lacking and they'll be sending out a signal to the gardener if they need to be pruned.
The first thing a fruit tree does when they need something is "suck". They are a plant which sucks in water from the air. Every leaf is connected to the stem which is connected to the branches. And the roots send out shoots which push up into the soil.
The fruit tree signal comes through when the plant needs to build up new tissue in order to grow and produce the right amount of fruit.
A fruit tree signal is something like this: the branch grows right out of the fruit, but the plant has to build new tissue to make the branch and create enough fruit to support it. It's like having a fruit that only looks like a fruit and is attached to the branch, but the fruit is really nothing.
Because the plant needs to make new tissue, it doesn't have the energy to send signals of it being hungry. If it did, it would need to stop growing to create the new tissue, and it won't be able to produce the amount of fruit it needs to grow every year. So it's much better to wait until a plant is starving before pruning to avoid having to cut the branches.
You can help a fruit tree be more productive by letting it build new tissue, but pruning is a necessary part of maintaining and keeping fruit trees healthy. There are two types of pruning in fruit trees, deadwood pruning and soft pruning.
If you're new to pruning fruit trees, you'll probably see some deadwood first. The deadwood consists of branches and the very end of the tree where there's little or no growth.
The deadwood in the tree will eventually dry out and decompose. It's a natural part of the tree and it has a purpose. The purpose is to hold the tree up.
Deadwood pruning doesn't have to be done in the spring or summer. You can wait until there's little or no growth left in the branches.
Deadwood pruning is done to the top two or three pairs of the branches from each of the main branches of a fruit tree. When a plant is growing, it puts more energy and resources into the branches which contain the fruit. If you cut all the branches off, it would be as if the fruit wasn't there anymore.
By removing the deadwood pruning, the fruit trees are making more room for their new growth, and therefore it makes more fruit. The fruit tree sends out a signal to tell the gardener to prune because it doesn't have enough room to do what it needs to do to grow fruit, so the gardener prunes the branches to make room for it.
Soft pruning is the process of pruning a tree to remove non-fruit bearing branches in order to allow room for fruit to grow. It's a way of improving the health and fruitfulness of fruit trees.
So how can you tell if a fruit tree needs to be pruned?
There's only two types of fruit trees in the world and one is "perfection" and the other is "non-perfection". The perfect fruit tree has a cone shaped shape with three to five layers of fruit above the second pair of branches. The fruit should be firm and weigh around 10-20g each.
The non-perfect fruit tree doesn't have a cone shaped shape, it may not even have three pairs of branches. It could also be much smaller or the fruit could be soft or weak. The fruit could be fruit shaped and have lots of berries.
If you're growing fruit from seeds, the seed will often have lots of good fruit, and not enough leaves. The seed also sends a signal that it wants the gardener to prune. The fruit tree sends a signal when it wants to get bigger. The gardener needs to prune this fruit tree to keep it in a size that will be good for it.
If you buy the plant from the nursery, it's often a non-perfect plant. If you find a perfect plant to buy, you don't need to be worried if it hasn't sprouted.
This is a one time situation.Once you have the plant in the ground, it's there for a long time. The gardener can add soil in spring, but there's no pruning in this scenario.
How often should you prune a fruit tree?
It's normal for the fruit tree to send signals when it needs to be