Breeds of chickens: Bresse

Breeds of chickens: Bresse

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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Ancient French breed (Bourg en Bresse is a town north of Lyon), whose origins are highly debated.
Dual-purpose breed. It produces about 250 white shell eggs in one year.
The only poultry DOC in the world (in France AOC, Appelation dOrigine Contrôlée), it provides a very precious and delicate meat with white skin.
The breed is often called the Bresse Gauloise although it is a distinct breed from the Gauloise.

Morphological characteristics

The varieties are: white, black, gray and blue.
The FIAV Italian Standard provides two colors: BLUE and BLACK.
Long head with crest, moved anteriorly towards the beak, simple with 5 teeth, straight in the cock and bent to the side in the hen.
Short, thick neck with abundant cape.
Wide abdomen and back.
Short wings; medium tail.
Medium legs, blue-steel
Medium weight:
- Rooster 2,5 - 3,0 kg
- Chicken 2,0 - 2,5 kg

Photos and drawings of the Bresse breed in the four colors recognized in the standard

White Bresse breed hen - Gray Bresse breed rooster

Black Bresse breed rooster

Breed standard - FIAV

Origin: France. Department of Bresse and surrounding areas.
Minimum weight g. 60
Shell color: white.
Rooster: 18
Hen: 16

Medium heavy, elegant and lively chicken. It has been selected to produce white, delicate, qualitatively excellent meat. Seek earliness and good deposition.

General appearance and characteristics of the breed
Trunk: Long, rounded in all its parts.
Head: Medium large.
Beak: Strong, medium length.
Eyes: Lively, expressive.
Crest: Simple, red, fine texture, protrudes slightly on the beak, from four to six teeth, with the lobe that detaches clearly from the nape. In the hen it is carried folded on one side without covering the eye.
Bargigli: Medium length, fine, red.
Face: Red, slightly feathered.
Orecchioni: Almond shaped, smooth, white; in the hen they are bluish white.
Neck: Medium long and with abundant cape.
Broad shoulders.
Back: Wide and long enough.
Ali: Bring high.
Tail: Obtuse angle carried in relation to the back.
Chest: Full and very wide.
Legs: Legs clearly visible; fine tarsi, with fine scales, without feathers, four fingers.
Belly: Full, rounded and soft.
ROOSTER: Kg. 2,5-3,0
HEN: 2.0-2.5 kg
Serious defects:
Skin color other than white; little muscular and tight chest. Soft plumage.
Rooster: weight less than kg. 2.2
Hen: weight less than kg. 1.8
Conformation: Well fitting to the body, thick, abundant down.


Eyes: dark brown; beak: light slate; tarsi: steel blue; nails: white.

Eyes: dark brown; beak: light slate; tarsi: steel blue; nails: white.

Industrial white Bresse
For commercial and market needs, the original chicken did not lend itself well to the needs of modern poultry shops and rotisseries.
A commercial book was then produced for the production of Bresse chicken.
It is a mestizo in which white Bresse and white Australorp appear as parents (it is not clear, however, if additional breeds appear in the mestizo formula).
It is therefore easy to distinguish librido from the breed for the difference in color of the mullet and for the considerable difference in size.

- Purebred bluish white earloin, rarely flecked with red, dark eye slim Mediterranean shape

- Not purebred red mumps, classic forms of the double-acting intermediate chicken, yellow eye

Of course a number of mestizos escape the general rules and look more like one or another alternative form.
This is due to a certain lack of method in keeping the two clearly separate.

The weight reached by the commercial hybrid is completely superimposable on normal hybrids 2.8-3.0 kg females 3.2- 3.4 kg male.

Bresse mongrels (hybrids) intended for production

Video: American Bresse, a Homesteads New Chicken.. (July 2022).


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