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Classification, origin and description
Typology: Perennials, Rhizomatous
Propagation: division, seed
Etymology: The name, according to Greek mythology, is linked to the figure of Adonis who, during a hunting trip, was killed by a boar. Where the drops of blood fell the flower that certainly reminds the color of the blood (especially the species A. flammeus).
The genus includes about 40 species native to Europe and Asia.
Adonis vernalis L.
Adonis flammeus Jacq. (photo www.botanikus.de)
Species and cultivation
- Adonis flammeus Jacq .: species common from central and south-eastern Europe to the Caucasus and Asia Minor. It has been cultivated in gardens since the 16th century. Suitable for rock gardens, it is also suitable for pot cultivation. It grows in any slightly calcareous soil, not moist, and in the sun. It can be sown in the autumn to obtain an early flowering, or in February-March, and then the flowering will take place in June. The stems, which are very succulent, cut and put in the water or inserted in the sand or in the wet peat, keep fresh for several days and continue to grow. The color of the flowers is flame red. Similar toA. flammeus are the species aestivalis is yearly (autumnalis).
- Adonis vernalis L .: it is easily found spontaneously in Venezia Giulia and Istria. The flowers are golden yellow in color and up to 6 cm in diameter. Flowering is early. it propagates by seed or by division; the latter form is preferable because the seeds (which must be fresh) hatch with difficulty. Poisonous plant, which manages to transmit the toxicity to the milk of the cows and goats that eat. It contains a characteristic alkaloid, ladonidine, and 2 glucosides, ladonidosine and ladonivernosine, with cardiotonic and diuretic action similar to that of digitaline. Poisoning is characterized by nausea, vomiting, gastric pain, diarrhea, excitement, followed by paralysis and coma.
Diseases, pests and adversities
They are quite rustic species; water stagnations which can lead to root rot should be avoided.