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Alpe Veglia and Alpe Devero Natural Park - Piedmont

Alpe Veglia and Alpe Devero Natural Park - Piedmont


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Type of protected area - Where it is located

Typology: Regional Natural Park; established with L.R. March 14, 1995, n. 32.
Piemonte region
Province: Verbano-Cusio-Ossola

The Alpe Veglia and Alpe Devero Natural Park protects two gems nestled in the Ossola mountains, in the northernmost part of Piedmont. It occupies an area of ​​8,594 hectares and is the result of the union of two previous parks (established with the two distinct training acts of 1978 for the Alpe Veglia Park, and 1990 for the Alpe Devero Park, unified in 1995) between 1,600 and 3,000 meters of altitude. The park extends between Monte Leone and Punta d'Arbola, in the system of lateral valleys of Ossola; it is accessed through the Val Devero, which flows into the Antigorio Valley at the height of Baceno, and the Val Divedro-Val Cairasca system, which open on the west side of the Val d Ossola.

Alpe Veglia Cianciavero - White Lake (photo www.parcovegliadevero.it)

Description

During the long cold spells of the Quaternary several huge glaciers of the thickness of many hundreds of meters covered most of the Ossola territories between Pizzo Mottiscia (3,156 m), Pizzo dAurora (2,984 m) and Monte Leone (3,552 m). where the Simplon tunnel currently passes. Moving towards the bottom of Val Cairasca, the different tongues of ice met and merged into a vast basin which in turn fed a new language. The latter, through the gorge of Groppallo, poured into the underlying Nembro basin after overcoming a difference in altitude of about 400 m. When temperatures began to rise again, the great glacier of Val Cairasca gradually withdrew upwards but, beyond the Groppallo threshold, the melt waters no longer found a way to be able to easily channel and soon flooded the old confluence basin. Over time, the alluvial sediments brought by the waters of the streams completely filled the newly formed lake and finally a plateau surrounded by high mountains appeared, initially marshy, then covered with dry meadows and larch woods. This is how the Alpe Veglia originated, one of the most beautiful alpine basins in Ossola and in the whole of Piedmont, very interesting both from a geological and geomorphological point of view, both from a botanical one and finally from a purely landscape one. ALpe Devero, at the northern limit of which Pizzo dArbola (3,235 m) rises, is a basin very similar to Alpe Veglia.
In both Alps, dense larch forests crown the pastures, with alder, willow, rowan, spruce, rhododendron and blueberry carpets. 230 botanical species have been classified in the Alpe Veglia Park.
The fauna is typical of the Alps: it is easy to spot the marmot and the chamois, while for the fauna, there are the eagle, the capercaillie and the bearded vulture. The presence of man since ancient times is evidenced by archaeological finds (objects from the Bronze Age). The pastures are still used for the pasture.

Alpe Devero (photo Davide Martinelli)

Information for the visit

The Alpe Veglia is accessed by taking the state road no. 33 of the Simplon until Varzo and then deviating towards S. Domenico. From this location the Alpe Veglia can be reached via a comfortable mule track that can be traveled in just over an hour.
ALpe Devero can be reached by taking the Val Formazza road to Baceno and deviating from here towards Goglio. From this last location you can continue on foot or by cable car.

Visitor Centers:
- Crodo (VB) loc. Bathrooms: Park Fauna Visitor Center
- House of the Park of Cornù (Alpe Veglia)

Management:
Alpe Veglia-Devero Natural Park Authority
Viale Pieri, 27
Varzo (Verbano-Cusio-Ossola)
Website: www.parcovegliadevero.it


Video: Alpe Devero - Geisspfadpass (July 2022).


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