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Type of protected area - Where it is located
Typology: Biotope; D.P.G.P. July 26, 1991 n. 261
Region: Trentino-Alto Adige
The Castelfeder Biotope covers an area of about 108 hectares, in the Municipality of Montagna, at an altitude between 222 and 408 m a.s.l.
The protected area includes various types of biotopes: natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition vegetation, sub-pannonic grass formations, siliceous rocky walls with chasmophytic vegetation, Pannonian woods of Quercus pubescens. On the Castelfeder hill there are the remains of several fortified settlements dating back to different periods. This overlap is certainly due to the strategic position of the hill, close to communication routes present since remote antiquity. In the area there is the horn viper (Vipera ammodytes ruffoi). On arid meadows, beautiful blooms of Valais fescue, minor orchid, yellow yarrow, elantermo.
Biotopes in South Tyrol
In South Tyrol a series of natural or naturalistic environments are protected in the form of biotopes, often also the product of man's creation or transformation. In fact, effective protection of rare or threatened animal and plant species takes place only thanks to the conservation of their natural habitats. Wetlands, still intact natural streams, ponds, peat bogs, arid meadows and riparian woods are increasingly rare. They constitute the vital habitat of singular typologies of flora and fauna.
The biotopes currently under protection in the Province of Bolzano are 175, and occupy a total area of 2,503 hectares, equal to approximately 0.35% of the provincial territory.
Information for the visit
The walk along the nature path that leads to the acropolis on top of the hill, from which it dominates the whole valley, allows you to admire through the information panels a unique archaic cultural landscape, which takes us back millennia back in time, to the time when the shepherds reticipascoli their flocks of sheep and goats.
Autonomous Province of Bolzano
Landscape Ecology Office
Palazzo 11, via Renon 4